Thursday, December 17, 2009

12 Volt Hifi Power Amplifier

Rangkaian 12 Volt Hifi Power Amplifier

This is circuit amplifier contains only an op-amp and four transistors (easily available from your electronics junk box). the op-amp used is uA 741 which produces the required gain.The four transistors are wired as complementary Darlington’s which produces the drive for the speaker.

rangkaian 12 Volt hifi power amplifier Skema rangkaian 12 Volt hifi power amplifier

Layout Op-Amp UA741

The voltage drop across the resistors R2 and R3, are used as the input of the Darlington pairs . As the input current to the op-amp depends on the level of the signal op amp is amplifying the voltage drop across the resistors R2 and R3 will be proportional to the input signal.These voltage drops are given to the base of Darlington pairs. The amplification is stabilized as a result of the negative feedback from the junction of collectors of Q2 and Q4. The theory may seem little awkward for you.But its working good.Such a simple but stable circuit as this can produce a reasonable output of 12W on a 4 Ohm speaker.

IC Op-Amp UA741

The UA741 is a high performance monolithic operational amplifier constructed on a single silicon chip. The high gain and wide range of operating voltages provide superior performances in integrator, summing amplifier and general feedback applications. The internal compensation network (6dB/ octave) insures stability in closed loop circuits.

Data max Ic UA741
* Symbol Parameter UA741M UA741I UA741C Unit.
* Supply voltage (VCC) ±22 V.
* Differential Input Voltage (Vid ) ±30 V.
* Input Voltage (Vi ) ±15 V.
* Power Dissipation (Ptot) 500 mW.
* Storage Temperature Range (Tstg) -65 to +150 °C.

Skema Rangkaian Elektronika